It’s Been 20 Years And Tupac’s ‘Changes’ Lyrics Are Still Painfully Relevant

Tupac Shakur, widely regarded as the greatest rapper of all time, was killed 20 years ago today.

Shakurs music continues to have a massive impact on people around the world and has had an immense influence on many of the most talented artists today.

As Kendrick Lamar said last year in a powerful tribute to the legendary rapper,

I was 8 yrs old when I first saw you. I couldnt describe how I felt at that moment. So many emotions. Full of excitement. Full of joy and eagerness. 20 yrs later I understand exactly what that feeling was.


Shakurs socially conscious raps spoke unfortunate truths about life for minorities in the US.

In spite of the difficult topics he rapped about, Shakurs lyrics were often inherently hopeful. He had faith we could build a better world.

One of Shakurs most powerful and recognizable songs, Changes, encapsulated his brutally honest but optimistic worldview.

Two decades after his death, the lyrics of the song remain unsettlingly relevant, touching on themes we continue to contend with in the present day.

Police brutality

In one of the opening lines of the song, Tupac says,

Cops give a damn about a negro. Pull the trigger, kill a nigga, hes a hero.

Hes clearly referencing the issue of police brutality, and the unfortunate fact US police are more likely to use lethal force against minorities.

In 2016, this line continues to be far too relevant.

So far this year, US police have killed 758 people, including 187 black people, according to The Counted. Black people have been killed by US police in 2016 at more than two times the rate of whites, in spite of making up just 13 percent of the population.

This is clearly still a problem.


In Changes, Tupac directly addressed the blatant racism he saw in America.

Its not exactly a secret this country has a long history of racism and discrimination. However, a lot of people would like to believe weve moved past all of that and now live in a post-racial society.

Tupac clearly didnt agree with that perception. Sadly, thenumbers continue to prove him right in 2016.

Hate crimes are still motivated by race more than any other factor. For example, in 2014, 47 percent of hate crimes were motivated by it, according to data from the FBI.

The second leading motivators, sexual orientation and religion, each accounted for approximately 19 percent of hate crimes nowhere near the percentage of motivated by race.

Moreover, in 2015, the number of hategroups in the US grew by 14 percent, from 784 in 2014 to 892 in 2015, according to the SPLC.

You also dont have to look much further than this countrys criminal justice system, among other social and political issues, to realize the legacies of Jim Crow and slavery are still alive and well.

Mass Incarceration

One of the most disturbingly timeless lines of Tupacs Changes says,

The penitentiarys packed, and its filled with blacks. But some things will never change.

He was all too correct.

With around2.3 million peoplebehind bars, the US has the highest incarceration rate in the world.

A disproportionate number of incarcerated individuals are minorities.

Today, black people are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites and nearly one million of the 2.3 million locked up are black, according to the NAACP.

Indeed, Americas criminal justice system is broken, and its had an especially detrimental impact on minorities.


The US is a violent country, and Tupac didnt hold back on this topic. In Changes, he said,

Cant a brother get a little peace
Its war on the streets and the war in the Middle East.

This line is painfully pertinent in the present day.

With over 3,000 people shotin Chicago so far this year and Americas ongoing involvement in the devastating war in Syria, as well as its continued activities in Iraq and Afghanistan, we still have war on the streets and the war in the Middle East.

Not to mention, in 2015,over 13,000 people were killed by gun violence in the US.

Its worth noting violent crime has decreased drastically in the US since the 1980s, but we clearly still have room for improvement.

War on Drugs

The War on Drugs, which largely began under President Richard Nixon, has been a massive and expensive failure.

Its also one of the driving factors of mass incarceration (21 percent of incarcerated individuals are there for drug offenses), and a large reason why we continue to see so many minorities arrested and imprisoned.

Tupac was well aware of this, which he highlighted in Changes, when he said,

Instead of war on poverty they got a war on drugs so the police can bother me.

The stats back him up.

In spite of the fact white people are more likely to deal drugs, black people are more likely to get arrested for it. Moreover, even though white and black people use marijuana at similar rates, black people are nearly four times more likely to be arrested for it.

John Ehrlichman, who served as President Richard Nixons chief domestic advisor when the administration launched the War on Drugs back in 1971, once admitted the drug war was fundamentally motivated by racism. When you take a look at whom it really impacts, its evident he was telling the truth.

Certain things have definitely changed since Tupac left this world. In Changes, he said, We aint ready to see a black President, but weve now had one for nearly eight years.

Still, if you take a listen to this song, it speaks to a number of problemswere still struggling with as a society.

As Tupac said,

We gotta make a changeLets change the way we treat each other. You see the old way wasnt working so its on us to do what we gotta do, to survive.

That message is as important now as it was nearly 20 years ago.

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